The microwave oven has become a must for heating food. It makes life more comfortable, more convenient, easier.


  • Accelerates the process of cooking, heating food.
  • Compact size allows you to place even in a small kitchen.
  • Cooking is more economical than on a gas, electric oven.
  • Easy operation, care.
  • Food odors remain inside the appliance.
  • When defrosting products, useful properties remain.
  • Cans and baby bottles can be sterilized.

There are no downsides to using a microwave oven. The assertion that microwaves harm the body is not justified. Because the case is shielded, it does not let microwaves through.

How a solo microwave oven works

Food products contain minerals, fats, sugar, salt, water. When food is heated by microwaves, food uses dipole molecules (with different charges at the ends). Such a dipole is water, fat, sugar.

In every piece of meat, fish, fruits, vegetables, there are millions of dipole molecules arranged randomly. Under the influence of an electric field, they become positive charge in one direction, negative in the other. When changing the direction of polarity, the molecules rotate 180 degrees.

Due to the action of microwave radiation, the molecules rotate at high speed, creating friction against each other. Thus, they heat up. However, the depth of heating occurs by two to three centimeters.

The operation of the device is based on microwave radiation, which consists of microwaves, with a length of 1 mm to 1 m.

The second factor in heating food is thermal conductivity. The generated temperature goes inside the food. Therefore, when heating a bulky piece, it is better to set the average power at which heat slowly penetrates inside.

Types of solo microwave ovens

There are no fundamental differences between models of solo, microwave ovens.

There are three types of management.


Management is carried out by means of the handle. Usually these are inexpensive products without additional features.


  • Ease of controls.
  • Accessibility of use by inexperienced people.


  • The handles protrude beyond the surface, thereby causing inconvenience.
  • Washing the outside is more difficult.
  • Mechanical control continues after the timer stops if the food was taken out earlier.

Touch panels

Flat without protruding elements. The ability to program cooking is added and more functions are provided. It is convenient to use settings that allow you to remember programs.

For warming up, defrosting, cooking, just press the display. Further, the weight, type of product are indicated and the oven itself will determine the required power, operating time.

However, during power surges, violation of operation, the touch panel breaks. Replacing the sensor element is an expensive repair.


They have process control buttons. Time, power is set. Some models are programmable.

The question will help you decide on the type of control: for what purposes do you need a microwave. Mechanical control will be enough to heat the products.

But for the preparation of culinary masterpieces, preference is given to touch or push-button products.

Microwave solo device

Internal volume

The size of the chamber depends on the amount of food to be heated. A model up to 20 liters is enough for one person. A small family will fit products from 20 to 30 liters of volume. If there are a lot of people, you should choose a device from 30 liters.

Pallet parameters

For heating large products, a conventional tray will be enough. In this case, the model will be without a turntable, instead there will be a microwave distributor and additional antennas. That is, the usual plate is missing. The distributor itself, installed below, moves.

The second option is a triple distribution of microwaves due to additional antennas. Due to the absence of a rotating roller, the risk of wheel breakage or damage to the plate disappears, and care becomes easier. And there is more space inside.

Solo microwave ovens are usually small in size, which is absolutely sufficient for the direct purpose of heating food.


This indicator determines the speed of heating and cooking. The maximum power value for the safety of the network connection must be taken into account.

The size of the device speaks about the power parameters, the larger it is, the higher the heating capabilities. The power of solo ovens varies from 750 to 1100 watts.

You should also pay attention to the gradation of power selection – they differ for each model from 4 to 10. The more adjustments, the better the temperature regime is selected for cooking and heating foods, liquids.

A powerful microwave oven consumes a lot of electricity, so evaluate the wiring options when choosing a product.

Some models are equipped with a built-in clock. The operating mode is set to 12 or 24 hours.

The clock is set when the device is turned on. In the event of power outages or if the product is unplugged, the clock will have to be reset.

Coating of the inner chamber

There are 4 types of surfaces inside the product.

Enamel painting

A simple, inexpensive coating, but resistance is short-lived, especially if you forget to clean up food debris in time. Coloring is used in cheap solo ovens, which do not imply long cooking. The coating is not designed for high temperatures.


It acts as a durable, reliable, aesthetic coating. To the touch it is smooth, non-porous. But deformation occurs with poor cleaning and when kept in high humidity.

A separate type, a more modern and expensive option, is a strong, fine enamel.

Stainless steel

Durable, beautiful, resistant to all temperature conditions. Therefore, care for this type of coating requires a gentle approach. Since when using abrasive sponges, powders remain scratches. Through scratches, the coating is gradually destroyed.

Special coating

It is antibacterial, bioceramic, acrylic, non-stick. In addition to ensuring safety, it retains heat better. Thanks to this, models with a special coating have a more economical power consumption.

It also has the advantage of preserving the nutritional elements of the products. The coating has a smooth surface that is resistant to carbon deposits. Maintenance of such equipment is not difficult. But the cost is much higher than previous models.

Operation of microwaves solo

The microwave oven is safe when used correctly:

  • The device is installed on a horizontal surface. Around the free space for air circulation is provided. Behind at least 10 cm, from above 30 cm. On the sides, retreat a little space for ventilation.
  • For heating, dishes made of heat-resistant glass, glass-ceramics, ceramics, porcelain, plastic products with a special designation that heating is allowed are used.
  • If the volume of the heated dish is small, then the process requires visual control. Otherwise, the food will burn.
  • Liquid dishes, drinks, sauces are warmed up in an open dish.
  • After the heating is completed, let the food stand for a while for even heating, as the heat generated by the device still remains for some time. Stirring food is also recommended.
  • Polyethylene should not be used, as it produces harmful substances when heated.

Precautionary measures

  1. Do not use the oven if the cord or plug is damaged.
  2. When opening the door, keep a distance from the appliance so that the hot air does not touch the skin.
  3. Periodically clean the door seals, remove food particles so that the device works properly.
  4. Periodically check the serviceability of the door, seal, hinge, power cord. If there is damage, do not use the device.
  5. Do not use metal utensils, dinner plates with a gold or silver border, skewers, forks. Otherwise, an electric arc will occur, sparks, which lead to product failure.
  6. To heat bottles and jars, hermetically sealed, it is necessary to open them. Products in the shell, peel are pre-pierced. These actions will help to avoid an explosion.
  7. It is unacceptable to turn on an empty microwave oven – the magnetron may fail.
  8. The ventilation openings of the device must be free, not in contact with any materials, hot air escapes from them.
  9. When taking out heated food, use oven mitts. Some cookware tends to get very hot due to microwave absorption.
  10. Immediately after using the oven, do not touch the walls, the heating element, so as not to get burned.

Advice! A glass of water should be placed in the chamber, which, in case of accidental activation of the product, will absorb microwave radiation.


  • Before cleaning, disconnect the device from the mains.
  • Regularly clean surfaces inside and out. Pay due attention to the door, seal, turntable, roller. Dirt, food residues damage the protective coating, which leads to dangerous consequences.
  • External surfaces are washed with warm water. If necessary, use a small amount of detergent or soap. Then it is carefully washed off with water, wiped dry with a soft cloth.
  • Inside you need to clean, using soapy water, splashes and greasy stains. After that, rinse with clean water, wipe with a dry cloth.
  • Clean the rotating element as it becomes dirty.
  • Do not use abrasives or solvents.
  • It is important to remove food particles from the door to avoid problems closing the microwave oven.

Advice! For quick and easy removal of grease stains, you need to put a container of water for a period of up to 15 minutes. Water with lemon or citric acid will have an even greater effect. The steam softens the dirt and makes it easier to remove.


During operation of the microwave oven, moisture condensation is created inside the chamber. There is also an air flow movement near the door from the outside. The presence of light reflections and steam from the vent. All these are permissible phenomena of the device operation process.

Product not working

In the mechanical model, when the timer knob is turned, the oven does not turn on. Check if the door is tightly closed. Perhaps something got into the seal, clean the door.

Food not ready, cold

Check if the mode is set correctly, if there is enough power to cook a given amount of food. Make sure the door is closed – if the door is not tightly closed, the microwave oven will not start. Operation without heating is obtained when there is a lack of voltage or an overload of the electrical network.

Food overcooked, undercooked

Make sure that the set time and power of the furnace are set correctly.

Sparks, crackles

These manifestations indicate the presence of a metallic element. Perhaps the dishes have a gold or silver finish. Forgotten fork or spoon in a plate.

If the preparation involves the use of aluminum foil, then the reasons are too much of it or it comes into contact with the inner walls of the technique.

Interference with TV, radio

When using the product, interference with electronic equipment occurs – this is normal.

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