Dishwasher for home

Every home has the necessary household appliances, including a refrigerator, washing machine, stove or microwave. But a rare guest in the kitchen is a dishwasher.

However, the benefit of such household appliances is not only that it does all the work for you. What matters is that she is able to do a much better job. Kitchen utensils are washed and do not have to be dried. And for all work, the machine will spend 10 times less water than during manual washing.

Principle of operation

Principle of operation

In the dishwasher, cutlery is placed in a basket and trays. Pots and pans are stacked down, and then plates are placed along with the rest of the appliances.

The dishwasher is connected to both the water supply and the sewerage. It is better to address this issue to a professional in order to avoid problems in the future.

The dishwasher is connected to both cold and hot water – separately or simultaneously. It is customary to connect to the cold. According to manufacturers, this is the best solution, because cold is much cleaner than hot. But there is one drawback: with this type of connection, the machine consumes a lot of electricity.

An economical option is to connect to hot water. However, from time to time it is turned off in apartments. In this case, the dishes will have to be washed by hand.

They also use special mixers, thanks to which the dishwasher works simultaneously from both cold and hot water. Such devices are expensive.

Another thing to consider is water hardness. Cutlery can be washed much better under soft water. To make the liquid soft, such kitchen appliances have an ion exchanger that passes it through the resin in it.

The washing process is as follows: hot water, along with detergents under high pressure, thanks to thin streams, is sprayed by rotating sprayers on the surface of the dishes. Thus, dirt and grease are washed off. After washing, kitchen utensils are rinsed with a clean liquid, to which rinse aid is added. Then she dries.

Types of dishwashers for the home


There are the following types of dishwashers:

  1. Embedded;
  2. Freestanding.

The second type is floor or compact desktop. They differ little from each other, mainly in appearance. Built-in models are difficult to distinguish from ordinary cabinets: there is a decorative panel on its door, similar in color and shape to other elements of the kitchen interior. A kitchen with built-in appliances looks more harmonious than one furnished with freestanding appliances.

Desktop models, as a rule, are installed on a kitchen cabinet – between tiles and sinks. In some cases, the kit is built into wall cabinets.

The desktop “baby” can accommodate 5 sets of appliances, washing lasts 30 minutes, an average of 14 liters of liquid is consumed.

As in large machines, in addition to the main program, this model has a couple of new ones:

  • economical – for lightly soiled dishes
  • pre-soak – for heavily soiled
  • Glass cleaning program at 30 °C

Despite its small size and capacity, the desktop machine copes well with the tasks that are set before it.

For a rational consumption of electricity, water and detergent, for a family of 3 people, it is recommended to buy a floor model for 8 or 12 sets of dishes.



Various models are equipped with new and “fancy” washing programs:

  • “Daily” – this is an ordinary sink at a temperature of 55 degrees;
  • “Very dirty” – provides for another sink;
  • “Soak” – for dried mud;
  • “Eco mode” – short cycle for lightly soiled dishes.

The dishwasher should not be used for washing wooden dishes.

A good dishwasher for a particular case chooses its own processing mode – the temperature of the solutions, the duration of washing and rinsing. The cost, respectively, is higher than usual. Standard devices have an ordinary set of programs, and you will need to look for the one you need among them yourself.

Programs are set using the position switch, or using the keys and buttons on the control panel.

Some models are equipped with a useful function – leakage protection, which is responsible for ensuring automatic control of water volumes in equipment. If a leak occurs, the drain system is automatically connected and thus the fluid supply is blocked.

If the equipment does not provide a leak protection function, then double hoses can be purchased. Then, during an excess of liquid, the safety valve will work, and its supply will stop.

How to choose a dishwasher for your home


Installation Features

For a built-in dishwasher, it is important that when installed in the kitchen set, the control panel is visible, and the appliance itself is covered by the front door of the cabinet.

Freestanding models can be selected, despite the dimensions of kitchen furniture. As a rule, they are cheaper than built-in ones.


full size – they are produced with an ordinary width of 60 cm, the height reaches 85 cm. These are roomy options, but they consume water and electricity sparingly.

Compact – they reach a height of 45 cm. Narrow ones – a width of 50 cm. They are installed in the kitchen.

Maximum loading

Thanks to this parameter, the number of sets that the equipment is able to wash at a time is determined. The standard set includes everything you need for serving for one person. For a family of 4, a model that can wash 5 sets at a time is suitable.

Energy costs

Based on the economy of electricity consumption, dishwashers have classes:

A, B, C – maximum efficiency indicator

D, E – average indicators of energy consumption

F, G – the highest level of energy consumption

Type of drying

  • Intensive – occurs due to the heat released during washing;
  • Condensation – when rinsing with water at elevated temperature, drops quickly disappear from the surface of the dishes. The disadvantage of this drying is that it takes a lot of time;
  • Active – the bottom of the chamber of the unit is heated by an electric element that participates in the first cycle when the liquid is heated;
  • Turbo dryer. Devices are blown with warm air by a fan, which greatly speeds up the process;
  • Zeolite drying. It is based on a material that, when dried, absorbs liquid, and it is converted into thermal energy.


Possible breakdowns

  1. The equipment does not drain the liquid. Possible pump wear. Check pump components and replace if necessary.
  2. Dishes remain dirty. You may have purchased a poor quality detergent or a blockage has formed inside the unit. It is also possible to unbalance the internal parts. Depending on the cause of the breakdown, you need to replace the detergent, remove the blockage, or invite the master to carry out professional repairs.
  3. Programs don’t work properly. It is necessary to check the settings if the process was debugged manually. When automatically checking the program, the options are as follows: the electronics have deteriorated, the heating part of the equipment has failed. In both cases, it is better to contact the service center for the repair of equipment.
  4. The dishwasher consumes a lot of electricity. Most likely, the heating element has deteriorated and needs to be replaced.

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