Built-in dishwasher

We rarely notice that it takes up to an hour a day to wash dishes. And if there was a celebration the day before, you can safely cross out half a day from your personal schedule. For convenience, built-in dishwashers have long been used in some countries, but in our country they are still not very common.

Benefits of an integrated dishwasher


  • Time saving

The free time is spent doing what you love or doing other household chores.

  • Water saving

Hand washing wastes a lot of water. The machine, on the other hand, measures the amount of water required for a particular procedure each time. The latest models wash up to 14 sets, while spending from 11 to 13 liters.

  • Minimum energy consumption

When replacing physical labor, the unit does not take so much electricity. On average, washing takes 1 kW / h.

Dishwashers are connected through filters, this ensures the durability of the unit and has a positive effect on the final result. The dishes become cleaner, because they are rinsed in filtered liquid.

  • Benefits for hands

Since the dishes are washed only by the machine, the hands will remain unharmed. After all, every housewife knows that contact with water for a long time does not affect them in the best way (dryness appears).

The advantage, from an aesthetic point of view, is built-in models. They will not be conspicuous, and will also help save a workplace, as modern built-in machines look like a small cabinet under the countertop. These include mainly floor types.

How does it work

Work principles

Some people are afraid to buy dishwashers for the following reason: there is a myth that in such household appliances the dishes often remain dirty and the device cannot cope even with light work.

In order to dispel this myth, let’s deal with the principle of operation of the device in stages:

  1. You load dirty cutlery and detergent, select the desired mode and can safely go about your business, until the end of the process your help will not be needed.
  2. After turning on, the unit first of all collects a certain amount of liquid necessary for washing in the mode you have chosen.
  3. Since the dishwasher is connected to a cold water standpipe, the next action is heating. The final temperature does not exceed 90 degrees and depends on the mode you have chosen.
  4. Only after heating, the machine starts washing. Water, mixed with detergent, is fed through special nozzles with different pressures into the washing chamber. Jets of hot solution knock down and corrode the dirt.
  5. After washing, the dirty mixture is drained into the sewer and the dishes are poured again, but with a clean liquid to wash off the remaining soap.
  6. Drying starts after several rinses.

Drying steps:

  • Condensing

With this method, the walls of the washing chamber cool down, and the liquid from the hot dishes, evaporating, condenses on them, after which it flows into the drain tank. This method is one of the most economical, but when it is used, stains often remain.

  • Forced drying

The utensils are blown by a stream of air, due to which the water slides off. The method is quite energy intensive. However, there are no divorces in this process. Considered the most efficient.

Steam is rushed into the upper part of the washing chamber, which collects large drops from the dishes, and then is removed. There are no streaks, but energy consumption is close to forced drying.

  1. Only after the drying is completed, the machine notifies you of the end with a sound signal and turns off.

All these procedures ensure cleanliness, and when using special products, you can also disinfect kitchen utensils without harming your own skin. Still in favor of machines is the fact that many restaurants have long abandoned hand washing and are willing to use these units.



As a standard, any dishwasher includes 3 or 4 main functions. Among them are economical, everyday and intensive washing, as well as pre-soaking (for especially dirty).

Additionally, brands offer options:

  • Delicate mode

This type of additional function is the most common. Usually used for fragile and glass utensils. Its feature is the temperature, which is only 30 degrees, and reduced pressure.

The most common feature. Allows you to postpone washing for a certain time set by the timer. This will help you if you go somewhere for a long period. Upon your return, the dishes in the sink will be fresh and not stale.

If there is a delay, then this function is not so important. It turns on after washing and heats up the dishes until you open the dishwasher.

  • Partial load

If your dishwasher is not full, but you want to wash the dishes faster, the program will save water and electricity.

When using special products with the addition of enzymes, the machine will provide gentle washing at low temperatures as thoroughly as in hot water.

  • Additional pallets

Washers often come with trays that allow you to wash dishes that do not fit in standard containers. For example, open the oven.

Translates as a double sink. Allows you to wash in two ways at the same time. Used in full-size and narrow models. Usually, the pressure in the upper container is weaker, which allows you to wash fragile dishes along with ordinary ones.

“Bringer”. If it is present, the door, which is not fully closed, closes automatically.

Dishwashers with this property can independently adjust the hardness of the water. Most often, models with such functionality live much longer due to less scale formation.

Also, do not forget that the number of proposed functions directly depends on the cost. The range depends on the functionality and varieties.

How to choose an integrated dishwasher



The first thing you should pay attention to when choosing built-in appliances is its size:

  • full size

The most spacious. The working volume is about the same standard 65 * 65 * 90 cm (width * depth * height).

Plus – capacity. 10 – 15 sets are loaded into such a machine.

The disadvantages include the dimensions themselves, since the machine takes up a lot of space. The water consumption of cheap models is high.

Medium in size ratio, with the same height and depth as the full-sized ones, they have a width of 45 centimeters, which allows them to be placed in narrower kitchens. They fit a set of 5-10 sets.

There are practically no drawbacks to this variety, except that the capacity is slightly smaller.

They are built in like a small cabinet, no different from the rest. Their dimensions can be only 45 * 45 * 50 cm.

The pluses include dimensions, since such a machine can easily fit in the corner of even a tiny kitchen.

A clear minus is the capacity, which is 3-5 sets.

This leads to the second drawback – low efficiency. For 2-3 launches of such a machine, much more water will be consumed compared to a full-size one.


There are 3 types, depending on the amount of liquid needed for one complete washing cycle:

  • Highly economical – 11-16 liters are used per sink;
  • Medium economical – 17-20 liters per cycle;
  • Uneconomical – up to 26 liters per sink.

It is important to pay attention to the class designations indicated on the machine. They look like 3 letters written in a row. Designated classes – saving energy, drying and washing. They are marked in Latin letters A, B or C, where “A” is considered the highest indicator.

From this we conclude that the machine on which the designation “AAA” is applied is suitable. Previously, the Latin letters D, E, F and G were used. At present, it is forbidden to produce units of these classes, as they no longer meet European standards.



Increased noise level. This “disease” affects cheap models. However, new dishwashers become noisy over time. This is caused by clogging of several nozzles. Also, the cause is sometimes a fragment of a broken plate or glass, which, under the pressure of water, hits the walls of the washing cabinet, creating noise.

Dirty liquid may not completely go down the drain. This is due to several reasons:

  • A blockage in the sewerwhich prevents water from escaping from the drain pan, causing stagnation.
  • clogged filter prevents large fractions of debris from entering the sewer.
  • Water intake. The machine hardly draws water before the cycle, this is due to a malfunction in the float, which determines the amount of liquid required for one wash. Another reason is the pressure in the pipeline, which is simply not enough for the car to quickly fill a full tank.

To prevent problems, remember:

  • Wash appliances only with products intended for dishwashers;
  • It is necessary to load utensils, following the rules specified in the instruction manual;
  • The dishwasher filter should be changed in time;
  • Choose the right mode, otherwise there is a risk of breaking fragile dishes.

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