6 types of food processors

The food processor is a universal household appliance designed for food processing: chopping, chopping, mixing, slicing, squeezing juices. Modern food processors equipped with electronic control are called processors.

Such a device performs the functions of household kitchen appliances – meat grinders, graters, blenders, juicers, vegetable cutters.


According to the type of device, combines are divided into:

  • Compact devices, simple in design and functionality – shredders.
  • Food processors with a minimum number of basic operations and standard attachments – a vegetable cutter, a grater, a meat grinder. If a blender is included, such devices have two electric drive sockets.
  • Universal processors with electronic control, many functions and nozzles (from ten to twenty).

Types of food processors and choppers

The universal food processor has a bowl made of durable glass, plastic or stainless steel with a capacity of two to six liters. Removable bowls in a variety of sizes are easy to store and maintain, and can be used in the microwave, dishwasher, and when stored in the refrigerator.

A standard combine is equipped with a set of attachments: a grater disk, an emulsifier, a stainless steel knife, a spatula or a dough hook. Advanced combines are equipped with many additional attachments, such as a juicer, meat grinder, graters and knives of various configurations to perform diverse cooking tasks.

Benefits of a multifunctional food processor:

  1. Ability to process a large number of products at different speeds.
  2. Roomy bowl.
  3. High power.
  4. Complete with interchangeable nozzles, which are also purchased separately from the device.
  5. The presence of fuses for the electric motor from breakdown and overheating (depending on the model of the combine).
  6. Ease of maintenance. All components of the device are removable, easy to disassemble and wash in the dishwasher. To store the nozzles, there is a special container that is included in the food processor kit.
  7. There is no need to select special dishes, a set of bowls is supplied as a set and is available for purchase separately.


  1. Large size requiring a lot of storage space.
  2. Risk of motor overheating during continuous operation.
  3. High price
  4. Lack of mobility

The functionality of the device directly depends on the number and types of nozzles in the kit.



  1. Electric – is a device consisting of one working bowl with a volume of 0.2 to 1.5 liters and an electric drive. Knives are inserted inside the bowl, including one universal one that comes with the kit, and other nozzle options.
  2. Mechanical (manual). Such grinders are the easiest to use, inexpensive in cost, but are not able to process some of the products, unlike electric ones.

A kitchen food grinder performs two to three functions, the package usually includes a whipping device, a knife and several graters. It is used for chopping vegetables, herbs, cheese, meat, and other products. It is used for preparation of sauces, mashed potatoes, children’s and diet food.

Principle of operation: products are placed in a bowl and closed with a lid. By pressing the lid or button, a rotating knife is activated, which grinds them to the required size. The higher the power of the device, the more efficient the processing.

For hard products, a disc grater is used, for whipping – a separate nozzle. When the lid is not closed, the locking system is activated and the device stops functioning.


  1. Easy to store and save kitchen space thanks to its compact size.
  2. Price.
  3. Simple working principle.
  4. Possibility of use in nature.
  5. Component parts (with the exception of the motor) are dishwasher safe.
  6. Safety of the device thanks to the locking system.
  7. Suitable for daily use and for processing small quantities of food.


  1. Not suitable for processing a large number of products.
  2. Productivity is lower than that of universal combines.
  3. Low power.
  4. Using the device, you cannot cut vegetables, cheese or meat into plates and even, identical parts, as well as process large pieces of food.
  5. Not suitable for grinding coffee, nuts, grinding cereals and kneading thick dough.
  6. A small number of speeds.

Food processor with meat grinder

Food processor with meat grinder

The meat grinder in the device is used to prepare classic minced meat from minced meat, similar to a traditional auger. Complete set with additional perforation gratings, knives.

Unlike a knife, a meat grinder helps to achieve the desired consistency of minced meat of any density, with veins and cartilage. When small particles of bones get into the screw mechanism, the meat grinder stops.

For maximum efficiency, it is recommended to choose models with a power of at least 600 watts.

Advantages of food processors with a meat grinder:

  • The meat grinder allows you to cook classic minced meat without large pieces or pasty mass. When using a specific shape of the grate or knife, the density of the raw material and the shape of the portions are adjusted.
  • The model with a meat grinder in the kit is cheaper than a stationary electric meat grinder.
  • It can be equipped with an additional nozzle for squeezing juice.

Disadvantages of food processors with a meat grinder:

  • The complete set with a meat grinder leads to an increase in the total cost of the unit.
  • Additional weight to the structure.
  • If you want to purchase a model with a juicer and a meat grinder at the same time, you may have a choice between them due to the high cost of the combine.
  • Insufficient power of the meat grinder in the combine compared to the stationary one.

Complete set of food processors with a meat grinder:

  1. Perforated gratings with a diameter of 3 to 8 mm to prepare minced meat of the desired consistency. Grids with holes of small diameter (3 mm) are used in the preparation of pates and fillings for snacks, medium diameter (4.5 – 5 mm) – minced beef, chicken.

Grids with perforation with a diameter of 8 mm are suitable for preparing minced pork, stuffing as stuffing dishes, chopping dried fruits, hard cheeses.

In a set, the number of gratings varies from one to three pieces. In addition, there are modeling nozzles for minced meat, with the help of which it is distributed into uniform portions for cutlets.

  1. Accessories for sausages – are used for filling shells and cooking sausages, sausages, sausages.
  2. Nozzle for “kebe” – used for the manufacture of hollow products for subsequent stuffing, as well as a variety of national dishes.
  3. vegetable cutter Helps to cut vegetables into uniform round or square shapes.
  4. Press for citrus fruits.
  5. Press for squeezing juice from berries.
  6. Nozzle for making curly biscuits and other baked goods.
  7. Dough gridsallowing you to cook homemade noodles, pasta and spaghetti.
  8. Special equipment for chopping tomatoes and preparation of tomato juice, paste, sauce. Some models are equipped with the function of filtering seeds from the main mass of tomato juice.
  9. Graters with different-sized perforations for chopping vegetables.

Food processor with juicer

Food processor with juicer

A food processor with an additional juicer function may include a package with two of its interchangeable types: a citrus press and a centrifugal juicer for vegetables and fruits, or one of them.

The press is a ribbed rotating bowl, pressing against which juice flows from the citrus into a collection container. The second type squeezes juice due to the very fast rotation of the sieve in the form of a cylinder, during which the juice is thrown into a special container, and the waste is retained on the grate.

Comparison of citrus press and juicer:

  1. Unlike a universal juicer, the press is not used to make fresh fruit from hard fruits.
  2. The centrifugal juicer is equipped with a filter that separates the juice from seeds and skin particles.
  3. The versatility of a juicer compared to a citrus press allows you to not be limited to a narrow type of product.
  4. The capacity of the press is on average 1 liter, unlike a centrifugal juicer.

Some models with a meat grinder can also include an additional juicer function at the same time, provided that an additional nozzle for squeezing juice is used in it. Devices with a juicer are additionally equipped with a press for squeezing juice from berries. The amount of squeezed juice depends on the volume of the bowl of the device.

Minus – compared to a stationary juicer, it produces more waste and a maximum of 50% juice output.

Puree food processor

Puree food processor

Models with a blender (a tall jug with curved legs at the bottom) or with a special nozzle for puree are used.

To prepare a thin fruit and vegetable puree, soup puree, gazpacho, baby food puree, a processor with a blender is used, which works effectively with soft and liquid products.

A special press is used to prepare mashed potatoes (an additional name is “maxi-press”). The different diameter of the holes in it helps to regulate the degree of density of the puree.

It is not recommended to use a blender for mashed potatoes, as a sticky, starchy mass may result. The puree press is also suitable for any cooked vegetables and soft pitted fruits. It squeezes out the liquid, so the puree is thicker than when using a blender.

Food processor without blender

Food processor without blender

They differ from ordinary choppers in their great functionality and the number of nozzles, as well as the presence of a neck for adding products to the bowl without opening the lid. This type of device is adapted for grinding hard and processing soft products, chopping, cutting into strips, cubes, grinding coffee and cereals.

Designed for processing a large number of products, except for the manufacture of cocktails. The emulsifying nozzle whips cream and cream. The impulse mode breaks the ice at high speed without heating.


  • in addition to the existing functionality, it is used to prepare thick sauces, gluten-free air purees, eliminates excess liquid during food processing.
  • one electric drive, so the unit has less weight and dimensions than the model with a blender.


  • there is no possibility of preparing cocktails, liquid dishes, such as puree soup, sauces for salad dressing.
  • when making puree in the device without a blender by stirring, a thick and dryish consistency is obtained.

Food processor with slicing discs

Food processor with slicing discs

With the help of cutting discs, processed products of various shapes and sizes are obtained for salads, first courses, chopping fruits.

Equipped with fixtures:

  1. Circular cutter with diagonal slots. It is used for chopping cabbage and salads, for cutting slices of the correct configuration. The height of the slots on the disc determines the thickness of the slices. The kit includes: one double-sided nozzle with blades, with the ability to adjust in height, or several discs.
  2. French fries cutting disc. A device for cutting long, thin slices for evenly deep-frying potatoes.
  3. Cubic cutting disc for vegetables, cheese, meat and other products, suitable for cutting salad ingredients.
  4. Disk for cutting vegetables and fruits into strips. Disc with fine holes, one reversible, or three discs with blades varying in height to form straws of the desired size.
  5. Slicing disc with two functions: one side cuts vegetables into slices, the other frays. Perforation in such discs varies from small to large.
  6. Double sided slicing disc. It is a grater with perforations of small, medium and large sizes on the top and bottom side.
  7. Disc – grater for mashed vegetables. The holes on it are smaller in diameter and arranged in more frequent rows compared to the grater in the previous paragraph.
  8. Disk – grater for grinding chocolate and hard cheeses.

The knives and slicing discs are made of stainless steel and can be safely washed in the dishwasher.

Functions that are included in the package of devices:

  1. Ice cream maker. Before cooking, it is placed in the freezer for one day to reach the operating temperature. After the specified time has elapsed, the necessary ingredients are added to the combine container and the ice cream preparation mode starts.
  2. coffee grinder – attachment for grinding coffee beans.
  3. Mini mill for grinding small portions of spices, herbs, garlic, onions, nuts. It is used when it is required to grind a small amount of products and it is not rational to use a bowl with a volume of more than one liter.
  4. Nozzle for kneading thick dough in the form of a hookwhich does not leave traces of flour and dough on the walls of the appliance bowl.
  5. To prepare liquid doughscrambled eggs or whipped cream, using an emulsifier attachment or whisks.

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