Specialized products for dogs – nutrients designed to meet the physiological needs of the animal. The manufacture of dog food is industrial in nature.
The recipe of food products is compiled in such a way that the pet receives a complex of useful substances at every meal.
Types of dog food
Varieties in the form of release:
- dry – a balanced diet containing a complex of vitamins, fats, carbohydrates, proteins;
- semi-dry – containing propylene glycol, which prevents drying;
- wet (canned) – food based on boiled foods and 70-80% water;
- frozen – minced meat from natural ingredients of plant and animal origin.
Dry food is divided into classes according to the quality, source of raw materials used for production.
- constant food;
- super premium;
Canned food types:
- for constant feeding;
- gourmet (additional).
- up to 1 kg;
- from 1.1 to 3 kg;
- from 3.1 to 7 kg;
- from 7.1 to 10 kg;
- from 10 kg.
The requirements of the animal’s body change with age, so there is a separate classification:
- milk replacer;
Food is divided into types depending on the size of the breed:
- for everyday use;
- pregnant women;
Economy class dry food is made using raw materials of low quality. The composition includes food industry waste, soy, by-products. There are no vitamins in the composition, so the diet is additionally enriched with vitamin complexes.
Mixtures for constant nutrition contain meat products, dyes, fragrances, high levels of salt. The process of assimilation is better compared to the economy class.
The premium class includes the same ingredients as the economy version with the addition of odor and taste enhancers. There is an increased level of animal protein, achieved through the addition of natural meat or offal.
The composition of the super premium class includes high quality ingredients of natural origin: eggs, meat, cereals, nutritional food supplements. In a small amount there are substances that are poorly absorbed by the body.
Holistic is a super premium class containing only high-quality natural ingredients. The ingredients are carefully selected so that the output is a product balanced with essential substances and microelements.
The composition includes:
- probiotics, which improve the process of digestion in the body.
Semi-dry food is made on the basis of muscle tissue, fish and meat products. Storage is possible without mandatory refrigeration. The composition contains lactic, hydrochloric, phosphoric acids required for the full development of the body.
Acids extend shelf life by slowing down the rate of bacterial growth. Propylene glycol is used as an antifungal and antibacterial agent to prevent drying out.
Conventional canned foods for constant nutrition consist of vitamins, cereal ingredients, soy, muscle meat tissues, offal. Extruded soybeans acquire a brown color, which imitates meat, thanks to special dyes.
The systematic use of canned foods is addictive in animals.
Delicacy (additional) canned foods are made using rare meat varieties, offal, vegetables and fruits. Some varieties contain fats, proteins that contribute to obesity.
Frozen minced meat is made from natural ingredients:
- raw or cooked by-products;
- steamed bran;
- herbal supplements;
- dairy products;
The selected ingredients are crushed, mixed, packaged and preserved under the influence of low temperature.
Milk replacer is developed taking into account the needs of a growing body and can be used from the first day, from the birth of a puppy to the start of feeding (from two weeks of age). Milk mixtures contribute to the rapid and proper development of puppies.
The composition includes trace elements, vitamins, fatty acids, milk proteins of natural origin, lactose, fructooligosaccharides. Quality substitutes do not use preservatives, starch, thickeners.
Mixtures have a high energy value.
Food for puppies (from 2 months to a year) and young dogs (1-2.5 years) contains a concentrated mixture of substances (nutritional and mineral) required for the formation of the body, vitamins, proteins, calcium.
The granules of the product are much smaller than adult food, so that the puppy can chew them.
Food for adult animals (from 2.5 to 6-8 years old) is divided into categories depending on the degree of activity of the pet:
- active – the composition is balanced with the necessary substances, taking into account the usual rhythm of life;
- highly active – enriched with nutrients that provide additional energy, vitamin E, proteins, amino acids;
- sedentary, prone to obesity – easily digestible food;
- prone to allergies – hypoallergenic diet.
The mixture for seniors (from 6-8 years old, depending on the breed) consists of 18% proteins, 8-12% fats and an increased amount of carbohydrates. The composition contains minerals, vitamins, wheat bran, glucosamine, chondroitin.
Ingredients are selected in such a way that food is easily digested, does not burden the work of internal organs.
The body of small breeds is characterized by an accelerated metabolism. The diet does not contain barley, soy, corn – substances that increase the volume of food, but do not carry benefits.
The peculiarities of the work and the size of the digestive system make it difficult to increase the volume and frequency of food intake, therefore, a maximum of useful substances should be concentrated in a small portion.
Otherwise, the pet will not receive enough energy. The diet includes trace elements, minerals, iron, copper, iodine, zinc, B vitamins, fatty acids.
Medium breeds are distinguished by an active lifestyle and mobility. The feed contains the correct ratio of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, which maintain the energy balance of the body. Fat content – no more than 18%.
The protein in the composition consists of interchangeable and irreplaceable amino acids. Strengthening of joints, bones occurs due to vitamin D, phosphorus, calcium, glucosamine, chondroitin.
The mixture for large and giant dogs provides for the active growth of animals, contains vitamins A, D, minerals, antioxidants. The content of minerals in the form of complex salts, which contribute to the absorption of useful substances, is desirable.
A balanced complex of vitamin and mineral ingredients supports the functioning of the immune system and the body as a whole.
The purpose of daily nutrition for dogs, like cat food, is to provide the animal’s body with a daily norm of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, and nutrients.
Nutritional components are selected in such a way that with a small portion the body receives a complete complex of nutrients.
A series of therapeutic mixtures is not suitable for daily use, but is prescribed by a veterinarian in connection with the deterioration of health and illness of the animal.
Reasons for prescribing a therapeutic diet:
- heart diseases;
- kidney failure;
- diseases of the urinary system;
- joint diseases;
- metabolic disease;
- food allergy.
Lightweight food is intended for sedentary pets with excess weight or a predisposition to be overweight. A special feature is the increased content of meat proteins that satisfy hunger.
Fats are contained in moderation to maintain a healthy coat and skin. The amount of carbohydrates is reduced to a minimum in order to control body weight.
A pregnant dog needs a balanced diet and a careful selection of high quality ingredients. The main feature of the diet is high nutritional value and easy digestion of food.
The components stimulate the proper formation of bones in puppies, the appearance of milk in the mother in sufficient quantities to feed the offspring.
The composition necessarily contains rapidly digestible carbohydrates, highly concentrated proteins, amino acids.
- meat (poultry, beef);
- rice, barley;
- fatty acid;
- vitamin E.
Dogs in the period of feeding puppies need food with a high calorie content. During feeding, the amount of milk changes, so appropriate changes are made in the diet. The more milk, the higher the calorie content.
The composition includes from 24 to 28% proteins, trace elements, vitamins, minerals, nutrients.
Special food is a special mixture of nutrients and useful substances that is used not for everyday feeding, but in order to combat specific shortcomings and problems.
Reasons for including special food in the diet:
- digestive problems;
- joint weakness;
- deterioration of the skin and coat;
- dental care;
- food allergy;
- increased immunity;
- maintaining physical fitness.
The use of special feed to improve digestion is necessary if the animal has diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: intestinal inflammation, pancreatitis, chronic diarrhea, gastritis.
The composition has reduced the amount of fat, the components are selected with a high energy value, there are fatty acids that relieve inflammation.
Labradors, collies, beagles, dachshunds are breeds that are prone to obesity. Reducing the volume of portions causes gastritis, problems with hair and skin, so a special diet for overweight pets is the only solution.
Food based on fiber and protein contains a small dose of fats and carbohydrates, which allows you to keep the animal’s weight within the normal range.
Joint problems require the inclusion in the diet of special food enriched with minerals, vitamins, in particular, a beneficial combination of chondroitin and glucosamine. The amount of carbohydrates is reduced.
A change in the condition of the pet’s coat and skin indicates a lack of minerals and vitamins in the diet. To restore a healthy look to the animal, use a special food that is easily absorbed by the body, enriched with Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids.
To care for your teeth, it is recommended to feed your pet with a special mixture that prevents the appearance of tartar. The composition includes coarse fibers of plant origin, enveloping the teeth.
Unlike conventional food, which crumbles in the mouth or the animal immediately swallows it, special fibrous food has to be chewed, thereby cleaning the tooth enamel.
The hypoallergenic product is based on high-quality natural ingredients: fish, lamb, vegetables, herbs. The composition does not use dyes and artificial additives.
Natural foods that often cause allergies, such as chicken, beef, turkey, soy, corn, wheat, are excluded from hypoallergenic feeds.
Dog food for boosting immunity contains a complex of useful nutrients, vitamins, minerals, natural products.
Improving immune function occurs due to the enrichment of the body with vitamins A, C, D, F, B5, magnesium, calcium, iodine, iron, zinc.
To maintain physical fitness, the diet must contain L-carnitine, which stimulates the metabolism in the body. A special composition with increased energy value contains 26% protein.
Improved palatability stimulates the pet’s appetite. Easily digestible ingredients support optimal weight.
Dry mix saves the time needed to cook natural food. Each portion for feeding should be fresh – you need to regularly buy meat, vegetables and cereals, prepare a new portion 2-3 times a day, add vitamins and minerals.
Dry food is used in its pure form and is immediately ready for consumption.
Pros of dry food:
- taking into account the individual needs of the pet;
- medical series;
- cleaning teeth from plaque and calculus, preventing gum disease.
Due to the balance of the finished dry product, there is no need to calculate the amount of nutrients, vitamins, proteins that the pet needs daily.
The composition includes the required substances in the correct ratio. If the animal refuses to eat vegetables in their natural form, they will not even notice their presence in the dry mix.
Series of products are produced with different purposes: for young, adult and elderly individuals, therapeutic mixtures, products taking into account allergies in pets.
The main thing is to make the right choice, and feed the animal with food that is suitable for its age, activity level and health status.
Medicinal properties provide an opportunity to abandon unsuccessful attempts to feed medications to your pet. A carefully selected composition, designed for pets with a specific ailment, helps to improve their health.
The advantage of semi-dry food is that the composition contains a larger range of useful ingredients compared to dry products.
This is due to the possibility of long-term storage of semi-dry dog food, due to the presence of propylene glycol, corn syrup, phosphoric and hydrochloric acids in the composition.
Semi-dry food is characterized by easy digestion due to the content of carbohydrates.
The main advantage of canned food is ease of use. The packaged formula can be fed on the road, away from home, in the absence of the possibility of feeding a pet with dry food.
Canned food is characterized by an increased level of moisture, which reduces the animal’s need for water. Assimilation of wet food is better and faster. A high-quality product looks and smells good, making the pet’s appetite.
Dog food issues
Dry foods are considered less palatable than canned and semi-dry foods.
Possible violation of the procedure for processing and drying the ingredients of the product, as a result of which they lose their energy properties, the absorption of nutrients worsens.
Manufacturing technology requires a reduction in the content of healthy fats in the composition. This affects the energy value of food. Dry mixtures are stored less, more difficult to digest and absorbed by the body.
The nutritional value is reduced when the ingredients come into contact with air.
A significant drawback of a dry product is an increased level of fiber. Together with difficult digestion, this reduces the level of water that leaves the body with urine.
Such processes cause an increase in urine concentration and increase the risk of urolithiasis.
However, the highest quality products are characterized by high calorie content, the correct ratio of fatty acids, fats, and therefore do not cause health problems in pets.
Despite the fact that the main advantage of semi-dry food is the ability to use a wide range of energy-rich products, in order to save money and reduce the cost of the product, the same components are often used as in the preparation of a dry product.
The disadvantage of canned food is the short shelf life after opening the jar. There are varieties of canned food that differ in volume and are intended for one feeding procedure (depending on the breed and weight of the pet).
Even in the highest quality canned food, there is an imbalance in the ratio of phosphorus and calcium. If for a long period the animal consumes phosphorus in excess, and calcium in the body is not enough, the process of bone demineralization begins.
- defective composition (the animal does not receive the required norm of useful nutrients);
- due to the increased amount of water in one serving, its energy value decreases;
- the soft consistency of the product contributes to accelerated absorption – the dog does not eat up;
- due to the humidity of the feed, the animal does not make an effort to chew and does not train the jaw;
- when using canned food in the daily diet, the condition of the teeth worsens.
Frozen minced meat and other semi-finished foods have no significant advantages, with the exception of affordable cost. Cooked minced meat is not more natural than dry food.
Many manufacturers use meat and vegetable scraps, therefore it is not recommended to use frozen food, especially for feeding puppies, pregnant animals or in case of animal health problems.
How to choose
Among industrial mixtures for daily use, predominantly dry type of food is suitable. Other types (canned food, semi-dry food, minced meat) are used only from time to time as supplements to the daily diet.
When choosing a dry food, be guided by the criteria:
- purpose of the product;
- the age of the pet;
- the size;
If the pet has no health problems, choose a simple food option for daily feeding.
Special mixtures have appropriate marks on the packages, thanks to which the purpose is determined: for allergy sufferers, overweight pets, improving digestion, etc.
Medicinal products are prescribed only by a veterinarian and are used for a specific period of time.
Age division occurs due to changes in the needs of the dog’s body as they grow older. It is not recommended to use food for puppies in the diet of older animals and vice versa, to feed adult dogs with food for young animals.
At the stages of life, a pet needs a specific amount of calcium, phosphorus, calories. The process of metabolism in the body is different. Choose the type of food according to the age of the dog. If in doubt about this, consult your veterinarian.
Dog breeds require an individual approach in the selection of food. A weighty criterion is the physical parameters of the animal, in particular the size. Food for a terrier, regardless of quality, is not suitable for a great dane and vice versa.
The packaging of the food indicates what size dogs it is intended for.
Consider your pet’s lifestyle when choosing a dry food formula.
If the animal leads an active lifestyle, is used in the service, in sports or is constantly on the move, it needs food that contains an increased concentration of vitamins and nutrients. Such mixtures are labeled Energy/Active.
It is advisable to use them for weakened pets who have undergone stress, illness, pregnancy. If the dog is calm and physically inactive, Normal/Standart/Light is a suitable food option.
The latter type is intended for animals that are overweight or prone to obesity due to an inactive lifestyle. The choice of canned wet food is complicated by the presence of numerous additives in the composition.
Focus on the main criterion – the level of meat content in the product. The look and smell of food can be deceiving, so it’s important to read the ingredient list.
The variety of canned food is determined by the order of these ingredients: if the first place in the list is meat, liver, meat and bone meal is a meat-type product.
If the ingredients of plant origin (cereals, herbs, seeds) are listed first, and the meat ingredients are mentioned only at the end of the list, then this is a canned mixture of cereal supplements with the addition of a small amount of meat.
A careful study of the ingredients provides an opportunity to calculate nutritional value, to find components that cause an allergic reaction in a pet.
It is important to indicate the specific source of meat on the packaging of canned food – its absence is a sign of low-quality dog food.
Many dogs develop allergy symptoms when eating chicken, while lamb is considered a hypoallergenic food. In canned meat type, the level of meat content is not less than 90%.
Choose a mixture of several varieties or one type, depending on the preferences of the animal and the reaction of its body. Common canned meats or mixtures thereof:
- rabbit meat;
Despite the fact that canned food is not recommended for use as a daily diet, many manufacturers produce products for everyday dog nutrition.
Information about the purpose of wet food (basic, supplementary, therapeutic) is indicated on the package / jar.
What is the best dog food
When choosing a class of dry mix, it is not recommended to save on animal nutrition. Expensive super-premium or holistic products with constant use will cost less than inexpensive economy class foods.
This is due to the energy value of food: a small portion of a high-quality product is equal to a package of a cheap mixture in terms of nutritional value and content of nutrients.
A balanced diet based on quality natural ingredients ensures the health of the dog and prevents frequent trips to the veterinarian.
Pay attention to the country of origin of the product. For example, a popular dog food company is located in the United States, but the packaging of this brand indicates a completely different country.
This means that the production of dog food, although it takes place on the basis of a license from a well-known brand, is carried out by other people. There are cases when economy products are produced under a first class feed license.
Study the list of ingredients. Find the numbers that indicate the percentage of moisture in the feed. If the product is positioned as dry food, and the moisture level is more than 10%, then this is a semi-dry food.
It is heavier in weight due to the liquid, so it costs more. If you intend to feed your pet with dry food, then there is no point in overpaying.
It is recommended to buy ready-made dry mixes in stores with a positive reputation. It is important to buy whole sealed packages, not bulk food.
If the food is intended for a small breed dog and a large bag of product is not suitable, then opt for a smaller pack of food instead of the same volume of loose mix.
Storage conditions have a significant impact on the quality of the product, so there is no guarantee that the opened package has been stored at the correct temperature and humidity level.
In addition, unscrupulous sellers replace high-quality feed with low-grade ones or hide the date of opening the package.
Find a list of preservatives in the product. If it includes substances of natural origin, vitamins E, C, then this is a first-class product (premium class and above).
If the list contains such names as sodium nitrate, hydroxyanisole butylate and other chemical terms, then such food belongs to the second-rate economy class goods. The content of food dyes adversely affects the immune function of the dog’s body.
If the above information about the product is not on the packaging or it is impossible to read, such product should be discarded immediately. Manufacturers, worried about their reputation, product quality, notify consumers about the composition and characteristics of feed.
When buying canned food, be sure to look at the release date and expiration date. Even if the product is still suitable for consumption, but the expiration date will expire in the near future, it is better to refuse such a product.
Pay attention to the condition of the jar/packaging of the product. The presence of deformation, swelling, traces of rust, a missing or illegible label on the package are good reasons for refusing to purchase canned food.
High-quality wet food in the bag is hermetically sealed, there are no smudges and signs of damage to the package.
When buying dog meat, carefully look at the expiration date. The manufacturer may pay insufficient attention to this issue, especially if the semi-finished product is not supplied in a vacuum, but in a conventional package.
You can distinguish high-quality fresh minced meat from unsuitable for use by appearance. Signs of a poor-quality expired product are an unpleasant odor, an uncharacteristic color, and mold.
How to feed a dog
After the puppy was brought from a breeder or taken from a shelter, the same food is used for daily feeding as he was previously fed. This is done in order to prevent digestive problems, which is undesirable, given the psychological stress of the puppy.
Immunity at this age is not stable enough, so excessive overload is harmful. After 2-3 days, the transfer of the puppy to a new food begins. This process takes at least 3-4 days by adding a new type of food to the usual food.
For the daily feeding of a puppy, it is important to select first-class premium food and above. A complete diet is essential at this stage of a dog’s growth and development.
The quality of food in puppyhood directly affects the strengthening of bones, the condition of the teeth, the work of the immune system in the future, when the dog becomes an adult.
When calculating the required daily allowance of dry food, the size, age, and lifestyle of the pet are taken into account.
An amendment is made for the class of the product, since economy and premium feeds have different energy values, respectively, a less nutritious product needs to be fed more to saturate the body with useful substances.
Calculation of the daily allowance for the size of the pet:
The daily norm is divided into 2-3 meals.
- small – 150-300 g (premium), 300-400 g (economy);
- medium – 300-400 g (premium), 400-600 g (economy);
- large – 400-600 g (premium), 600-800 g (economy).
The volume of the daily diet of the dog changes if it leads a specific lifestyle or is in an unusual condition:
- pregnant, lactating offspring – an increase in the norm by 25%;
- working (the dog is used for the purpose of protection, hunting, takes part in exhibitions and competitions) – an increase in the norm by 30%;
- sedentary, elderly – a decrease in the norm by 20-25%.
Puppies are fed according to other calculations, as they develop quickly, grow and need more food:
- small breed – 200-450 g (premium), 450-600 g (economy);
- medium breed – 450-600 g (premium), 600-900 g (economy);
- large breed – 600-900 g (premium), 900-1200 g (economy).
Frequency of food intake depending on the age of the dog:
- 1-2 months – 5-6 times;
- 2-3 months – 4-5 times;
- 3-5 months – 3-4 times;
- 5-6 months – 3-2 times;
- after six months – 2 times.
Canned wet food is not recommended for everyday dog food. An increased level of moisture contributes to a partial decrease in the nutritional value of food – the pet is more slowly saturated with food.
Add canned food to your daily diet in combination with dry food (1:1 ratio). Delicious canned food is given to the dog in a small amount (no more than 10% of the daily amount of food) as an additional product.
Feed the animal with medicinal canned food strictly according to the instructions of the veterinarian and the instructions. Their dosage is subject to careful calculation.
On industrial canned food and feed, a complete list of ingredients is indicated; it is not always possible to find out what a frozen semi-finished product consists of. Pork and offal are fed to the animal only after mandatory heat treatment.
Before giving food to a dog, boil the minced meat to avoid food poisoning. Before processing, carefully examine the mixture for the presence of third-party components (bird claws, bones).
In order to increase the weight of the product, manufacturers add an excessive amount of blood to the packaging. The use of minced meat with a high blood content is fraught with indigestion, so the liquid is drained before cooking.
- When using ready-made dry mixes for daily nutrition, do not give the animal anything other than food and water in sufficient quantities. Use only fresh purified water.
The dog should have access to it around the clock and consume 3 times more compared to dry food.
- Do not continue using the product if the dog finds it unpalatable (does not cause appetite) or causes indigestion, abnormal stools, changes in the condition of the skin, coat, or allergic reactions.
Dogs suffer from specific food intolerances.
- If the food is suitable for the animal, do not experiment with nutrition and do not change the brand of the product. Such changes negatively affect the digestion and well-being of dogs, because over time the body gets used to the absorption of specific substances.
- To add variety to your “dry” diet, add canned food to the diet by choosing products from the manufacturer whose food you use for daily feeding.
- When dosing servings, follow the recommended dietary allowances or the instructions on the food packaging, where the calculation of food may be indicated depending on the weight of the pet.
- Choose one type of feeding (dry food or natural food) and stick to it from now on. It is strictly forbidden to mix the two types.
Dog food manufacturers
1st Choice is a company specializing in the production of products for dogs and cats. Products differ in the content of high-quality components, the absence of by-products, soy, wheat.
In the manufacture of feed, natural flavors and preservatives are used. Food contributes to the natural cleaning of the teeth, strengthens the immune system, improves the condition of the coat. There is a decrease in the smell of feces, urine.
The range of dog food includes:
- food for puppies (decorative, small, miniature, medium, large breeds, animals with sensitive skin and hair);
- nutrition for adults (decorative, small, miniature, medium, large breeds, dogs with sensitive coat and skin, allergies, prone to obesity);
- dry mixes for older animals (small, miniature, medium, large breeds, pets with sensitive coat and skin).
ACANA specializes in making dog and cat food based on natural ingredients.
The composition of the feed includes a wide range of meat components, a variety of vegetables and fruits, phyto-components designed to improve the health of the body and the well-being of the dog.
Distinctive features of the diet are reduced doses of carbohydrates, saturation with meat, proteins.
- ACANA HERITAGE – a series of nutrition for dogs of different ages, sizes, breeds, taking into account lifestyle;
- ACANA SINGLES – a series of universal food for dogs of all breeds and ages based on different types of meat products;
- ACANA REGIONALS – a series of universal feeds on a grain-free basis with a high content of quickly digestible proteins of animal origin;
- ACANA ORIGEN – a series of products for animals of different ages with a high content of meat and fish;
- ACANA ORIGEN treats are a series of treats for dogs with a unique composition based on deer, wild boar, duck, and lamb meat.
Eukanuba is a dog food manufacturer that specializes in the production of high quality animal proteins. The source of protein is exclusively meat products (chicken and lamb) without the use of vegetables.
Products include veterinary diets, special nutrition for specific breeds, ages, sizes based on the dog’s activity level and sensitivity to ingredients.
Hills makes premium dry mixes for dogs and cats. The main components of food are varieties of meat (chicken, turkey, lamb) and cereals (rice).
The range includes:
- Science Plan – a balanced complete diet to maintain the health and active lifestyle of the animal, regardless of age;
- Presciption Diet is a therapeutic food designed to feed a dog in case of detection of various diseases.
Orijen makes dog and cat food based on the basic needs of pets. Dog food is distinguished by improved digestibility, a high content of fresh, natural meat and fish products.
Feature of the goods – high protein content, up to 15 different meat components, natural sources of glucosamine and chondroitin, prevention of obesity and diabetes in dogs.
Pro Pac is a company that produces balanced food for dogs of different age groups, sizes, breeds, special mixtures. In order to facilitate the transition from one type of nutrition to another, the products use the same basic components:
- brown rice;
- fruits and vegetables.
Profine is engaged in the production of food products for dogs and cats. The basis of the goods contains 60-70% of easily digestible hypoallergenic ingredients – various types of meat and vegetables (potatoes, tomatoes, chicken, turkey, salmon, lamb).
- puppies, young dogs;
- taking into account the size of the breed;
- for allergy sufferers;
- for animals with increased activity;
- fight against obesity.
Purina makes cat and dog food under several brands. The basis of the products is meat and animal products, fish (source of protein), vegetables, soybeans, vitamins, amino acids, minerals, cereals, fatty acids.
- ProPlan Veterinary Diets;
- Dog Chow;
Royal Canin relies on precise dosing and nutritional value of ingredients when formulating formulas. High-quality products support the health of the dog, the condition of the teeth, skin, coat.
Dog food is highly nutritious. The range of the company includes feed for animals of different breeds, ages, sizes:
- daily nutrition for puppies;
- daily nutrition for adult dogs;
- veterinary diets.
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