7 types of board games


There are a huge number of board games in the world. Since time immemorial, people have been inventing entertainment, developing and adventurous, and as a result, they have come up with a way to remove boredom.


Board games can be classified according to several criteria.

By function

This or that game includes one or more functions. There are four types of such categories. These include communicative, gambling, leisure and educational. But a common type of division is called classification:

  • Entertaining character;
  • gambling;
  • Educational for children and adults;
  • Puzzle;
  • For communication.

By the nature of the game

intellectual type. This type includes games of a strategic and logical nature (sea battle or chess). The outcome depends on how smart the enemy is. The winner is the one who knows how to think and calculate the next moves.

gambling type. They are designed to influence the essence of the player and arouse excitement in him. They are based on a random method. The winner here is not a clever, cunning or smart, but a lucky player. Examples of such entertainment are backgammon, the famous “bones”, as well as “preference” and “bridge”.

Physical ability test. These competitions are designed to test the reaction speed of the opponent, whether he is attentive.

Type of items used:

  1. With cards (whist, preference, screw, fool, bridge).
  2. With bones (used in entertainment such as “Backgammon”)
  3. With the use of special devices (boards) – chess, backgammon, checkers.
  4. With the use of stationery (paper and pencil) – bulls and cows, sea battle, tic-tac-toe, burime, gallows.
  5. Based on laying out interesting patterns (dominoes, mahjong).

Rule type:

  1. Entertainment that carries complete information about the game. They initially set the rules about the participants. This is chess and checkers.
  2. Games that carry incomplete information. Here the rules are given to the players to choose from. It’s bridge and poker. Each opponent here is fighting not for the team, but for himself.

Board games for children

For kids

If parents do not want their child to sit for hours in front of a computer monitor or TV, the right way out would be to offer him board games. They will become an alternative to the child’s misuse of time. This type of entertainment will help develop dexterity and perseverance.

Popular board games for kids are puzzles. They are laborious and simple, consisting of wood, paper or soft cloth. As you grow older, the number of puzzle pieces is recommended to be added. The game develops fantasy and thought processes. Also, the baby will have an idea of ​​what the whole and its parts are.

To train attention and memorization, it is worth buying backgammon. Primitive action algorithm and uncomplicated rules. Children who are more than five years old compete in backgammon. Games like walkers will appeal to a baby or a large group of children.

There are many such entertainments on store shelves, and each of them differs in the way the field of play is designed. Each of the participants throws a die belonging to him and moves a figure along the cells of a special field. The numbers that appear on the face of the die indicate the number of moves.

The task of walkers is to form cause-and-effect relationships, expand horizons, train attention and counting skills.

Everyone plays for himself

Games that help train the coordination of the baby’s movements and develop the child’s fine motor skills are built in the form of a constructor. The child builds a structure or tower out of it. At the next stage, each of the opponents pulls out one cube from below. During the construction, they monitor the integrity of the structure and ensure that the elements do not ruin it.

The games created according to the type of the game “Activity” help to increase vocabulary, develop creative abilities and develop communication skills.

The rules are that the kids are divided by the company into a pair of teams with the same number of people in each. After that, each of the participants in the game, using a drawn picture, facial expressions or gestures, explains to the players what the word is on the card.

The task of the opponents is to guess the number of hidden words. After that, they get to the finish line first.

Kids will be interested in board games for logic, made like dominoes, mosaics or sets that develop motor skills and thinking.

Board competitions of a sports nature are a replacement for active children’s competitions. Table football or hockey will bring variety to the boys’ leisure time. For older children, competitions familiar from childhood to adults are suitable – checkers, lotto, dominoes and chess. Each opponent here is fighting not for the team, but for himself.

Board games for two

For two

Board games are designed for the fact that many people will participate in them (two, three or five). But there are times when such a number of opponents cannot be collected.

  1. Suitable for couples or friends.
  2. They will help to better know the character and mental abilities of each other.
  3. No need for a large team.
  4. They will help to adapt even notorious people.
  5. They will add a touch of pleasure and comfort to a leisurely intellectual duel with their competitor.


“Hive” is incredibly rich in tricks and interesting tactics. It can captivate the player for a long time. Such entertainment consists in the fact that a token is chosen to replace the role of the queen of the hive. Other insects are also assigned. The role of insects is performed by octagonal chips. Each opponent here is fighting not for the team, but for himself. The number of players is not limited.

The queen of the hive is surrounded by subjects, and the territory is taken over by ants, beetles, grasshoppers and spiders. Types of insects depend on what additions the “Hive” was released with. Each octagonal chip has its own function. Some jump over competitors (grasshoppers), others walk diagonally, others change formation (queen).

Fans of this game develop ingenious strategies and theories to become a great bee breeder.


Caravaners from the East loved to fight in this game. This way to spend leisure time is suitable for an elderly couple or those who have been married for a long time. Children will not find it very interesting. The bottom line is to shift the pebbles into a hole located on the edge. The areas remaining unfilled, the competitor evaluates with a glance. You cannot touch the pebbles and count the holes.

Such entertainment attracts players with aesthetic content in the form of a field with holes made of wood and decorated with semi-precious stones. Suitable as a gift for fans of backgammon or chess, for a birthday or other event.



These games are designed for a single player, although they are used for tournaments with a large number of players. The material of the puzzles depends on what the fantasy and imagination of the designer is enough for.

Rubik’s Cube

This is a cube made up of 26 smaller plastic cubes. Parts rotate around an axis that is invisible from the outside. Each side is represented by its own color, and forms 54 squares. By turning the side of this puzzle, the location of the edges between them changes.

The goal is to return the cube to its original position. You should get a cube with one-color squares. The algorithm by which such a puzzle is assembled in the minimum number of moves is called the “divine algorithm”, and the number of moves that has the maximum value is called the “divine number”.

The most famous way to calculate the moves of the Rubik’s Cube is the Jessica Friedrich method. Since the advent of this interesting puzzle (magic cube), three hundred and fifty million copies of such a toy and similar ones have been sold. Conduct competitions.

Rubik’s snake

It looks like 24 prisms, forming a snake in the form of a triangle with right angles. The goal is to assemble geometric shapes from a snake that look like a dog, a mouse, a cobra and an airplane as quickly as possible. This puzzle contributes to the development of spatial thinking.

Board games for the whole family

For the family

  1. Created for all age groups. Leisure will appeal to teenagers, children, and adults.
  2. Such games are not too difficult, and the process will captivate even the smallest participants.
  3. This category of games will bring family or friends together, because the number of participants is from three to five people. Everyone fights for themselves, not for the team.
  4. Each of the players will feel on equal terms with others, the grandson will beat the grandmother, and the children will beat the parents.

The peculiarity of such competitions is conflict-free. There are no confrontations in these competitions, the process of the duel takes place in friendliness and calmness. The number of players is not limited.


Monopoly is open to children and adults. Such entertainment consists in the fact that one of the participants becomes a monopolist and a winner. At the same time, he ruins his opponents – competitors. In the classic version of Monopoly, land plots are bought up and real estate is built on them.

Opponents who are already 12 years old can participate in the process of buying up and building houses. The recommended number of Monopoly participants is from two to eight people.


Scrabble is a good way to diversify your leisure time. Two or four people participate at the same time. It will be loved by kids and parents. Adults also enjoy competing in Scrabble. Everyone here is fighting for himself.

Here the principle of compiling a crossword puzzle applies, only letters are added to words not on paper, but on a special field. The goal of each participant is to earn more points than the opposing side. “Scrabble” is intended for the game of children of the age category of seven years and older.


This exciting competition will appeal to a company with an unlimited number of opponents. The essence is to explain the words with the help of the image with gestures and guessing them. Tasks in “Crocodile” are difficult. After all, a card can be with a word, saying, proverb or phrase that another participant does not expect.

Designed for people in the age category of eight years and older.



This type of competition will appeal to all categories: from the smallest to older participants. Each opponent here fights both for the team and for himself. The number of players is not limited.


It has four types of characteristics represented by color, fill, symbols and number of symbols. The bottom line is that special cards are laid out on a table or other surface.

After that, the participants take a set of three cards and see what their characteristic is. The participants compute the set at the same rate. In this exciting competition, reaction speed and attentiveness are important. The convenience of the “Set” is that you can participate in it as a company, and one.


The essence of this competition is that each player is given several cards. At the same time, he must remember the signs, as well as see how they are laid out on the playing field.

The difficulty and trick of “Etta” is that each participant will have to strain before finding a profitable place for their card. Lay out a card chain with the same or different features. “Etta” helps in the development of thought processes and logic.


This exciting puzzle is designed for two players. Reminds a kind of tic-tac-toe, but with a bit of mystery. The playing field is presented in the form of a board with cells. To win in Okiya, you have to work hard.

To win in this game, developed logical thinking is important, as well as attentiveness. Children aged seven years and older can participate in the game process. The number of players is not limited.

Logic cards

The game is represented by special cards with logical tasks and questions. Each of them is divided into difficulty levels. A level is selected, difficult or not, the tasks presented on the logical cards are performed, tasks are solved alone or competitions are arranged for the title of the smartest among friends.

“Logic cards” are intended for the age category of children over 12 years old.


Catamino is full of mysteries with amazing solutions. The answers to these questions range from the simplest to the most complex. Easy are those that are intended for children from the age of four, a little more difficult for those who are six years old, difficult – from eight years and older.

The goal of the game is to fill a given area in the form of a rectangle with the indicated pentominoes on a specially designed field. The number of participants is not limited.

Board games made of wood

from wood

A family heirloom, handed down from parents to children. Wood is a durable, noble material. It is safe and does not harm the environment.


They develop logic and thought processes, the child has to think a lot. They immerse opponents in a world where there are tactical plans. But at the same time, the process passes with ease, without straining. They look beautiful.


“Jenga” is presented in the form of a tower of wooden blocks, which grows, sometimes falls, and then grows again. This is how small children would describe Jenga, because they are the main category of participants. Jenga helps develop balance, manual dexterity, cunning, ingenuity and tactical skills. Kids (and even adults) need to lay out a turret and wooden blocks.

Each enemy here is fighting for himself. The difficulty lies in the fact that the blocks are removed from the floors that are below and are reported to the top. The process begins with an eighteen-story turret and goes on ad infinitum. The number of participants is not limited. The winner is the participant who builds a tower twice as high as the one with which construction began.

At some stage of construction, the turret becomes unstable, and the person participating in this process, taking a block from the middle of the structure, can bring down such a structure with a roar and the work will be wasted. This careless child or adult immediately drops out of the Jenga construction, and the rest of the participants continue.



This type of competition is demanding on the skill of the participants in the process. Intellectual abilities are important here, with the help of which the winner and the loser are determined in the future. The difference between the strategies is that:

  1. The rules are much more complicated than in tabletop competitions.
  2. With a special balance that has already been verified.
  3. Does not require luck or luck, the winner is determined by ability.

Forbidden Desert

Did your child miss the fun family competitions? Then he needs to stock up on dark glasses, a spatula and chips. In this exciting board-type competition, the team survives under the scorching desert sun while throwing chips.

Steam Donkey

Remember the era when the first steam locomotives were invented. The “Steam Donkey” will introduce each participant to the tricks of planning and help in the development of the English resorts of that era. Entertainment “Steam donkey” is simple and reckless. Even a small company that loves colorful card battles will like it. The number of participants is not limited.


Tired of gloomy weather and rain outside the window? Get the Tokaido. This entertainment is so peaceful and amazing that every participant will like it. Embark on an exciting journey through endless Japan with Tokaido.

Each of the participants in such a process will be captivated by the fascinating and dangerous path from Kyoto to Edo, which was laid by builders back in the eleventh century. Each participant fights individually.

In addition, they will enjoy scenic views and unexpected encounters. You need to move by rolling a die with a number on the edge indicating the number of moves made by the participant. The competitor moves plastic multi-colored pieces and goes on an adventure. The number of players is not limited.

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